Edema óseo alrededor de la rodilla

Alejandro Alvarez López, Rodrigo Fuentes Véjar, Sergio Ricardo Soto Carrasco, Yenima de la Caridad García Lorenzo

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Resumen

El dolor de la rodilla obedece a múltiples causas, entre ellas el edema óseo que se asocia a un gran grupo de entidades. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica con el objetivo de  actualizar sobre los elementos más importantes respecto al  edema óseo alrededor de la rodilla. Se señalan las características específicas detectadas mediante la imagen de resonancia magnética. Se hace referencia a la clasificación más utilizada para esta entidad que lo divide en cuatro grados. Se exponen los grupos principales en isquémicos, mecánicos y reactivos y su relación con las enfermedades. Con relación al tratamiento se mencionan las modalidades conservadoras y quirúrgicas, en la primera se incluyen el uso de analgésicos, antiinflamatorios no esteroideos, suspensión del apoyo del peso corporal, entre otros. Las modalidades quirúrgicas están justificadas en los casos más avanzados, e incluyen las perforaciones, curetajes, trasplante osteocondral o de condrocitos.

Palabras clave: edema de médula ósea, dolor óseo, edema de la rodilla.

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Copyright (c) 2021 Alejandro Alvarez López, Rodrigo Fuentes-Véjar, Sergio Ricardo Soto-Carrasco, Yenima de la Caridad García Lorenzo

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